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Live Disaster Simulation

Page history last edited by Dr. Ron Eaglin 7 years, 11 months ago

Live Disaster Simulation


An exercise to help understand how simulating scenarios improves the strategy of dealing with them.

Required Materials:
-         At least 10 people (some victims, some rescuers)
-         Two decks of cards with a different back. A “victim” deck and a “rescuer” deck.
  1. First divide the group up into victims and rescuers. A 50/50 split is OK – but in general there are usually more victims that there are rescuers so this can be reflected in the split.
  2. Each of the victims should be dealt a playing card. They should not reveal the card to others.
  3. At the start of the game all “victims are standing. A leftover card from the remainder of the “victim” deck is turned and the victims with a matching suit will all sit down.
  4. The rescuers must now start rescuing victims. To rescue a victim show the victim a card that has a matching value (suit does not matter here) from the “rescuer” deck. You must take the card to the victim and show it to them directly.
  5. Rescuers can only carry three cards at a time. (Cards represent rescue equipment) If they do not have the correct card they must return to the headquarters and change out the equipment (cards) with other equipment.
  6. Victims do not show the rescuers their cards – so rescuers will not know what equipment is needed until they get the correct card.
  7. After a set period (1 – 2 minutes) of time another “victim card” is turned and those victims that match will again sit down. If a victim of the turned suit is seated then they “die” and are removed from the playing field.
  8. The simulation typically continues for a set period of time (10 minutes).
This is a good simulation to try with a class. First run the simulation with only the instruction. Do not let the rescuers have time to prepare. After running through the simulation one time regroup the rescue team and allow them to develop a rescue plan. Run through the simulation again. Go over what the group learned from one round to the other. What type of planning did they do? What type of strategy did they develop to ensure a higher rate of success?



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